Collie dogs are a group of herding dogs that are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and working ability. The term “Collie” refers to different breeds in different places throughout the world, including the rough collie, smooth collie, border collie, bearded collie, Shetland sheepdog, Old English sheepdog, Australian collie,
English shepherd, and Scotch collie. In this article, we will discuss nine beautiful types of collie dog breeds, along with their similarities and differences. Whether you are looking for a family pet or a working dog, there is a collie breed that will suit your needs.
9 Beautiful Types Of Collie Dog Breeds
The Rough Collie, also known as the Lassie dog, is a well-known breed that originated in Scotland and Northern England. They were originally used as herding dogs and are known for their beautiful, multicolored coat of long, rough-textured fur.
Rough Collies are intelligent, loyal, affectionate, responsive, and fast. They are also well-known for their devotion to their owners and love for children, which made them the perfect breed to star as Lassie, the beloved family TV show pup that always came to the rescue of her little boy, Timmy.
Rough Collies are medium to large-sized dogs, with males weighing between 60-70 lbs and females weighing between 50-65 lbs. They have a high energy level when outside but a low energy level when indoors, and require 45-80 minutes of exercise per day.
The Smooth Collie is a breed of dog that was originally developed for herding. It is a short-coated version of the Rough Collie, which is also known as the Lassie dog.
The Smooth Collie is identical to the Rough Collie in every way except for the length of the coat. They are medium to large-sized dogs, with males weighing between 60-70 lbs and females weighing between 50-65 lbs.
Smooth collies are also simply classified as “collies” and are recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) as part of the herding group. They are intelligent, loyal, affectionate, and responsive dogs that make great family pets.
Smooth Collies require 45-80 minutes of exercise per day and have a low energy level when indoors. They are also known for their devotion to their owners and love for children, just like their rough-coated counterparts.
The Border Collie is a medium-sized breed of herding dog that originated in the region of the Anglo-Scottish border. They are known for their intelligence, athleticism, and working ability, and are often used as herding dogs on farms and ranches around the world.
Border Collies are muscular and nimble workers that stand 18 to 22 inches at the shoulder. They have a strong desire to herd anything and everything around them, and require a lot of physical and mental exercise to stay happy and fulfilled.
Border Collies are highly trainable and intelligent, and excel in various canine sports such as obedience, flyball, agility, tracking, and flying disc competitions. They can also make great family companions, as long as they get plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.
The Bearded Collie, also known as the Beardie, is a medium-sized herding breed of dog that originated in Scotland. They were once used primarily by Scottish shepherds but are now mostly popular family companions.
Bearded Collies have an average weight of 18-27 kilograms (40-60 lb) and are around 51-56 centimeters (20-22 in) tall at the withers for males and 51-53 centimeters (20-21 in) tall for females. They have a shaggy, long, wavy coat that comes in any shade of grey or chocolate and may have white blaze, feet, chest, tail tip, or tan points.
Bearded Collies are known for their quick wit, liveliness, and friendly nature. They are smart, active, and can be stubborn or independent. They require plenty of exercise and can almost be friendly to a fault. Nuisance barking, digging, and chewing habits can result if the Bearded Collie does not receive enough exercise.
The Shetland Sheepdog, also known as the Sheltie, is a small to medium-sized breed of herding dog that originated in Scotland. They are known for their gentle, sweet, and pleasing personality, making them a popular family pet.
Shelties are playful, affectionate, and sensitive dogs that like to keep busy and function well in small homes. They are content to lie around alone all day but still need to be exercised, requiring 20-40 minutes of exercise per day.
Shelties are often mistakenly called miniature collies, but they are a distinct breed with their own unique features and traits. They have a long, double coat that comes in any shade of grey or chocolate and may have white blaze, feet, chest, tail tip, or tan points.
Shelties are highly intelligent and quick learners, making them easy to train and ideal candidates for dog sports and competitions. They are also intensely loyal and affectionate with their family, but can be reserved and sometimes timid with strangers.
Old English Sheepdog
The Old English Sheepdog is a large breed of dog that originated in England from early types of herding dog. They are also known as the “Bob-tail” or “bob-tailed sheep-dog” because of how dogs of the breed traditionally had their tails docked.
The Old English Sheepdog is a strong, compact, square dog with a long, double coat that can be straight or wavy. They are typically blue, gray, or white with gray markings, and dogs may also show grizzle, merle, and any shade of blue coloring.
The breed’s tail was commonly docked, but tailed Old English Sheepdogs are now common, as many countries have outlawed cosmetic docking.
Old English Sheepdogs can grow very long coats with fur covering the face and eyes and do not shed unless brushed. They are intelligent, playful, sociable, bubbly, loving, and adaptable dogs that require an attentive and responsible owner who will give them the love and proper grooming they need to thrive.
Old English Sheepdogs have a lifespan of 10-12 years and require 20-40 minutes of exercise per day.
The Australian Collie is a crossbreed between the Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd. This hybrid breed is known for its intelligence, energy, and herding instincts.
Australian Collies are quick to pick up training and love to stay moving, which makes them a great addition to a family that is always on the go. They are highly active dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.
Australian Collies are also known for their loyalty, affection, and adaptability, making them great family pets.
The English Shepherd is a breed of herding dog that originated in the United States. They are also known as the Farm Collie, Farm Shepherd, Old Farm Collie, or American Farm Shepherd.
English Shepherds are medium-sized dogs that weigh between 40 and 65 pounds (18 and 29 kg) and stand between 18 and 23 inches (46 and 58 cm), with males typically larger than females.
They have a long, straight or wavy double coat with feathering on the legs and tail, and traditionally have four different color combinations: black and white, black and tan, sable and white, or tricolor (black, white, and tan), although shades of fawn and red tan to white are also seen in the breed.
According to the breed standard, the coat may be straight, wavy, or curly, except on the face, skull, and front of legs where it is short and smooth.
English Shepherds are intelligent, gentle dogs that make great pets for active families. They get along well with other animals and children, but their natural herding instincts may cause them to try to herd small children or other pets.
The Scotch Collie, also known as the Scottish Collie, is a breed of dog that originated in Scotland. Here are some facts and traits about the Scotch Collie:
– Personality: The Scotch Collie is known for its sweet and gentle nature, and tends to get along with everyone, including other dogs, household pets, and neighbors.
– Sensitivity: The Scotch Collie is known for its sensitivity to human needs and emotions, and often notices when a person is not feeling well.
– Multi-purpose: Scotch Collies are very versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes. There is one line that is being bred towards a “Squirrel Dog” type, though it still has the traditional characteristics of the breed.
– Temperament: The Scotch Collie is known for its sweet and gentle nature, with no hint of aggressiveness or hyperactivity. They are sagacious and highly intelligent.
– Coat: The Scotch Collie has an abundant, straight outer coat that is harsh to the touch.
1. What are the different types of collie dog breeds?
The different types of collie dog breeds include the Rough Collie, Smooth Collie, Border Collie, Bearded Collie, Shetland Sheepdog, Old English Sheepdog, Australian Collie, English Shepherd, and Scotch Collie.
2. What is the difference between a Rough Collie and a Smooth Collie?
The Rough Collie has a long, rough-textured coat, while the Smooth Collie has a short, smooth coat. Otherwise, they are identical in every way.
3. Are collie dogs good with children?
Yes, collie dogs are known for their love of children and make great family pets.
4. Are collie dogs easy to train?
Yes, collie dogs are highly intelligent and trainable, especially the Border Collie and the Shetland Sheepdog.
5. Do collie dogs require a lot of exercise?
Yes, collie dogs are active breeds that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.
6. Are collie dogs good with other pets?
Yes, collie dogs can get along well with other pets, especially if they are socialized from a young age.
7. Do collie dogs shed a lot?
It depends on the breed. Rough and Smooth Collies shed moderately, while Bearded Collies and Old English Sheepdogs shed heavily.