Updated at: 13-09-2023 - By: petstutorial

Dogs are one of the most popular pets in the world, with over 360 recognized breeds. While some breeds are well-known and commonly seen, others are much rarer and lesser-known. 

In fact, some breeds are so rare that they have fewer than 200 dogs worldwide. These rare breeds are often unique and fascinating, with interesting histories and distinctive features. 

In this article, we will explore the top 8 rare breeds of dogs, including their characteristics, history, and current status. Whether you’re a dog lover or just curious about rare breeds, this article will provide you with an in-depth look at some of the most fascinating dogs in the world.


Top 8 Rare Breeds Of Dogs



The Telomian is a rare breed of dog that is native to Malaysia. They are a small breed with a short, smooth coat and a wedge-shaped head. Telomians were bred by the indigenous people of Malaysia, the semi-nomadic Orang Asli, for many generations. They were used as hunting dogs and were effective in controlling and keeping away vermin. 

Telomians are active dogs that are affectionate towards people and possess a terrier-like temperament. They feature erect ears, curly tails, and short fur on the coat that is either red or yellow. Some Telomians may have a black mask, and there may be some variation in coat color. 

The Telomian is not recognized as a breed by any major kennel club. However, they have been introduced into the United States, and all Telomians in the US are descended from a pair sent to the US in 1963 to be studied by the canine expert J. P. Scott.

Norwegian Lundehund


The Norwegian Lundehund is a rare breed of dog that originated in Norway. They were bred to hunt puffins, which live on the islands off the west coast of Norway. 

The Lundehund is a small-medium sized dog with a short, dense double coat that comes in various colors such as black, gray, reddish brown, sable and white, white, or yellow with/without white, gray, and/or black markings and/or black tips. 

This breed has several unique physical characteristics, including at least six toes per foot, elongated paw pads, and a neck that can bend all the way back, so its head touches its spine. The Lundehund is also known for its triangular ears that can fold shut to block debris. 

They have a friendly and active temperament and are loyal and protective of their owners. The Lundehund is intelligent and can be trained for agility, and because of its unique characteristics, it makes an exceptional hunter. The Lundehund is a rare breed and is not recognized by all major kennel clubs.

Lagotto Romagnolo


The Lagotto Romagnolo is a small to medium-sized dog breed that originated in Italy. They were originally bred as gun dogs, specifically water retrievers, but are now more commonly used for truffle hunting.

The Lagotto is a well-proportioned, squarely built, and hardy muscled dog with a big head supported by a powerful neck. They have a curly, dense coat that can be off-white, solid white, white with brown or rust patches, different shades of brown, or rust solid color. Lagottos are known for their thick coats that are both water-resistant and low in shedding, and these dogs are also enthusiastic swimmers thanks to their roots in duck hunting. 

They are loyal, keen, affectionate, and very attached to their owners. Lagottos are highly trainable and can adapt to a variety of lifestyles. They are excellent family companions and good warning dogs. Lagottos are also efficient in searching for truffles, and their very good nose has made this breed very efficient in searching for truffles. 

The Lagotto Romagnolo is not recognized by all major kennel clubs.



The Otterhound is a large, rough-coated scent hound that was originally bred in England to hunt otters. 

They are currently recognized by the Kennel Club as a Vulnerable Native Breed with around 600 animals worldwide. 

Otterhounds have a unique appearance with drop ears, an attractive bearded face, and a rough, shaggy coat that has an oily, water-resistant quality to it. Their coat comes in all the usual hound colors. Otterhounds have a large nose and muzzle, allowing ample room for olfactory receptors, and webbed feet that provide traction over rough and slippery terrain. 

They are a strong, athletic breed that can withstand harsh weather and long strenuous hunts. Otterhounds are noted for their steadfast pursuit of quarry despite the roughest of conditions and have an acute sense of smell that can trail unerringly through running water and over all sorts of terrain. 

Otterhounds are friendly, amiable, and easygoing, but they belong in a rural area with an outdoorsy owner who can give them the exercise they love. They are generally healthy but may require extra training due to their independent nature.



The Mudi is a rare breed of herding dog that originated from Hungary. They are still favored by Hungarian shepherds to work sheep and cattle herds. 

The Mudi is a medium-sized dog that is extremely versatile, intelligent, alert, agile, and all-purpose. They are courageous and useful for working the most stubborn livestock. 

Mudis are loyal protectors of property and family members without being overly aggressive. They have a curly or wavy coat that is low in shedding and comes in a variety of colors. 

The Mudi is a very active breed that needs to be taken on daily, long, brisk walks or jogs. They need a lot of running and other exercises to be in good condition and will excel in all kinds of dog sports such as Frisbee. 

Mudis are super smart and want to exercise their brains just as much as their paws. They are friendly, playful dogs who love their families and can be very affectionate. 

However, they can have a wary nature and may take time to warm up to new people and animals. Mudis are highly trainable and can perform almost any task well, including watchdog duties, hunting, agility and obedience competitions, search and rescue, and more.

New Guinea Singing Dog


The New Guinea Singing Dog is a rare breed of dog that is native to the New Guinea Highlands, on the island of New Guinea.

The New Guinea Singing Dog has a narrow muzzle, petal-shaped ears, and wide cheekbones. They have a goldish-red or black-and-tan coat with white markings. They are small to medium-sized dogs, weighing between 20 and 30 pounds.

The New Guinea Singing Dog is known for its unusual “yodel”-like style of vocalizing, which is why it is called a “singing” dog. They are active, intelligent, and independent dogs that bond with their humans and happily show affection. The New Guinea Singing Dog is a rare breed and is not commonly kept as a pet.

There are two organizations formed for conserving and preserving New Guinea Singing Dogs: the New Guinea Singing Dog Conservation Society and New Guinea Singing Dog International. Both of these organizations are based in the United States and work to preserve the breed through captive breeding programs and education.

The New Guinea Singing Dog is a unique and rare breed of dog that is known for its unusual vocalizations and independent nature. They are not commonly kept as pets, but there are organizations working to preserve the breed through captive breeding programs and education.

Bedlington Terrier


The Bedlington Terrier is a small breed of dog that originated in the mining town of Bedlington, Northumberland in North East England. 

The Bedlington Terrier has a pear-shaped head that is narrow but deep and rounded. They have a strong muzzle with no stop, almond-shaped eyes that are small and deep-set, and triangular ears with rounded tips. The chest is deep, and the back is arched, with the back legs being longer than the straight front legs. The tail is low set, thick at the root, and tapers to a point. The Bedlington Terrier has a curly, crisp coat that is often compared to a lamb’s fleece.

Bedlington Terriers are playful, cheerful, and affectionate dogs that make good family companions. They are loving with children and fairly friendly with strangers.

Bedlington Terriers are courageous, energetic, and headstrong dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are alert watchdogs and versatile athletes, and they are also irresistibly cuddly TV-time companions. Bedlington Terriers are generally loyal to their owners and friendly to strangers.

The Bedlington Terrier is a unique and charming breed of dog that is known for its playful, cheerful, and affectionate nature. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation, but they make excellent family companions and are loyal to their owners.



The Beauceron is a large and athletic dog breed that originated from the plains of Central France. 

The Beauceron is a large dog breed that can weigh up to 110 pounds. They have a long head that is in proportion to their body, and their ears are set high and cropped. The Beauceron has a short, dense coat that comes in black and tan or harlequin (gray, black, and tan). They have a muscular and athletic build, with a slightly longer body than height.

The Beauceron is a smart, spirited, and versatile herding dog breed. They are known for their intelligence, calmness, gentleness, and fearlessness.

Beaucerons are excellent natural guard dogs and are typically suspicious of strangers. They are loyal and protective of their owners and make great family pets. Beaucerons require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy.

The Beauceron is an imposing and powerful dog breed that is also remarkably smart, spirited, and versatile. They are loyal and protective of their owners and make great family pets, but they require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy.


1. What makes a dog breed rare?

A dog breed is considered rare when it has a small population and is not commonly seen or recognized by major kennel clubs. Some rare breeds may have become rare due to possessing an archaic or overly specialized skillset, a population that stretches over a narrow geographic concentration, or simply a lack of interest from breeders.

2. Why should I consider adopting a rare breed of dog?

Adopting a rare breed of dog can be a rewarding experience, as these dogs often have unique characteristics and histories. However, it’s important to do your research and understand the breed’s needs, temperament, and health considerations before adopting. It may also be helpful to reach out to breed-specific rescue organizations or reputable breeders.

3. Are rare breeds of dogs more expensive than common breeds?

Rare breeds of dogs can be more expensive than common breeds, as they may be harder to find and require more specialized care. However, the cost of a dog can vary widely depending on factors such as age, health, and location.

4. How can I find a reputable breeder for a rare breed of dog?

When looking for a breeder for a rare breed of dog, it’s important to ensure that the breeder follows ethical breeding practices, provides health guarantees, and is knowledgeable about the breed. You can also reach out to breed-specific rescue organizations or join breed-specific forums or social media groups to connect with other owners and gain insights.

5. Are rare breeds of dogs more prone to health problems?

Some rare breeds of dogs may be more prone to certain health problems due to their genetics or small population size. It’s important to research the breed’s health concerns and ensure that any breeder you work with provides health guarantees and conducts appropriate health screenings. Regular veterinary care is also important for all dogs, regardless of breed.

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