The process of feeding a puppy is an overwhelming and daunting task. It is further complicated by the plethora of information online regarding diet trends, the numerous colors and shapes of nutritional supplements on the market. Similar to many other subjects, there’s an absence of “one size fits all” in regards to eating habits. After reading this article, you’ll have a basics to assist you in making a educated choice.
Let’s start with newborns!
It is essential that the newborn puppies consume the colostrum within 24-72 hours following the birth. Since older animals are not able to absorb all the nutrients that it offers. Colostrum is a more nutritious form of milk produced by mammary glands of mothers in the initial days following the birth. It’s a rich source of antibodies (that offer immunity and extra protection for puppies from infections) growth hormones as well as other vital ingredients. If it’s not feasible to feed puppies natural colonstrum, there are puppy colonstrum formulas available as well.
The milk of the mother is the only source of nutrition up to 3-4 weeks old. Foods that are solid should be introduced later. Puppy should gradually be transitioned to a full high-quality puppy diet, in the ideal case one that has passed tests of feeding, and there should be no nutritional supplements included in the diet.
Weaning should begin between the age of 7-9 weeks and not prior to the age of 6 weeks. Because this could cause behavioral issues. Everyone knows how thrilling it is to welcome the new puppy to the home of your choice. But, you shouldn’t let a puppy less than 8 weeks old. The first stage of socialization with the mother and litter is vital to the growth in healthy skills for social interaction as well as an overall more calm and confident personality.
I have a new puppy, what and how do I feed them?
Research shows that puppies that were in a healthy weight throughout weaning and mature developed chronic illnesses later in life contrasted with overweight puppies. Because of this, the practice of feeding in small portions is recommended throughout development and at all phases of life. This is crucially important in large breed dogs, dogs that have been neutered and breeds that are prone to obesity. For instance, Labrador, Pug, Cocker Spaniel, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and so on. In addition, dogs love routines, and they know what to expect and being able to control portions and eating routine is essential.
There’s an exception for this: overweight or lean puppies could benefit from feeding free. Be sure to consult your vet because they are capable of helping you create an individual feeding plan for your puppy, and determine if there is a medical cause for loss of weight or inability to increase.
Large breed puppies require specific nutrition, and overfeeding could cause them to be predisposed to developing osteoarthritis and other orthopaedic disorders at the age of adulthood. They should be fed in a controlled portion. Try to maintain a slim body weight, they should be fed the right diet for large-breed dogs. These diets are low in energy density, and also have the ability to regulate calcium levels.
Puppy diets must be consumed until the pet reaches adult body weight that will take 12 months in the case of medium and small breeds, and 18-24 month for giant and large breeds.
What about adulthood?
Similar to the stages of growth adults have different nutritional needs. It is important to feed them in accordance to breed and size, level of activity as well as their workload (working dogs as opposed to companion dogs) and their health needs. For example, some canines would benefit from an veterinarian-formulated diet. It is specifically designed to treat specific conditions like liver or kidney diseases, skin sensitivities and/or allergies such as diabetes, obesity, and so on.). Consult your veterinarian about which brands are suitable. Contact a certified vet nutritionist to assist you in determining the ideal diet for your pet.
Nutrition that is balanced and healthy helps prevent disease, enhances the quality of life, and prolongs it. Making sure that your dog gets properly fed from a young age is an important step to ensure that your pet is healthy, happy and lives their life to the fullest.
Do You Need To Add Water To Dry Puppy Food?
It is not necessary for you to mix water into the dry dog food, but there are a few reasons you might consider doing this.
First of all, it will help your puppy eat better since it tastes better to them. Additionally, it is more appealing to them since water release the aromas that are present in the food. Additionally, it may increase the amount of water that your dog is drinking.
If your dog isn’t drinking enough water or they simply don’t consume their dry food, this is a possibility to take into consideration.
However, it’s not always absolutely necessary. It’s all dependent on your puppy’s temperament. It can also change in time.
At the beginning, and especially when puppies are still adjusting to eating dry food, it’s generally recommended to add some water.
The first instinct of a puppy is to chew on food. They’re actually born on milk from their mother (and exclusively liquids) during the first month of their life.
When the puppies reach four weeks old the milk they receive from their mothers doesn’t provide enough nutrients to develop, and that is when they need to start the transition into food that is solid.
This is the time when wet food is typically introduced.
But, it is important to let your dog explore dry food as well. They might not be as enthusiastic initially, but adding water could help.
You can soak dry food items in water, and then let it be mashed into a tasty paste. This makes a natural and deliciously smelling gravy that is sure to draw the attention of your dog’s.
It takes patience and time until your puppy is able to consume dry foods with out any added water. This is particularly the case if you rely extensively on water-based food earlier in your life.
If you have to add water now and then, it can be beneficial. Be sure to decrease the amount of water as time passes.
Also, don’t allow the food to sit for too long or it may be unappealing for your dog and may be risky.
Anything that is left longer than 30 minutes could result in the dog’s food being able to spoil which could cause your dog to become sick.